Dopo la pubblicazione di un primo draft nel dicembre 2018, “Progetto di orientamenti etici per un’IA affidabile“, il Gruppo di Esperti ad Alto Livello sull’Intelligenza Artificiale coordinato dalla Commissione Europea ha reso pubbliche le “Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI“.
Ecco quanto si legge nel report originale pubblicato sul sito ufficiale della Commissione Europea:
Trustworthy AI should respect all applicable laws and regulations, as well as a series of requirements; specific assessment lists aim to help verify the application of each of the key requirements:
- Human agency and oversight: AI systems should enable equitable societies by supporting human agency and fundamental rights, and not decrease, limit or misguide human autonomy.
- Robustness and safety: Trustworthy AI requires algorithms to be secure, reliable and robust enough to deal with errors or inconsistencies during all life cycle phases of AI systems.
- Privacy and data governance: Citizens should have full control over their own data, while data concerning them will not be used to harm or discriminate against them.
- Transparency: The traceability of AI systems should be ensured.
- Diversity, non-discrimination and fairness: AI systems should consider the whole range of human abilities, skills and requirements, and ensure accessibility.
- Societal and environmental well-being: AI systems should be used to enhance positive social change and enhance sustainability and ecological responsibility.
- Accountability: Mechanisms should be put in place to ensure responsibility and accountability for AI systems and their outcomes.